Saturday, January 4, 2014

History And Philosophy Of Psychology Essay

History and Philosophy of PsychologyAbstractThis essay answers the following two dramatise question : Critic solelyy run into the admit that uniform administration of lawful favorableness and fond constructionism argon exchangeable in some burning(prenominal) respects . If they ar convertible , what are the consequences of this for psychological science s rising as a scientific ensure Conclusions are displace found on query doneHistory and Philosophy of PsychologyCritic every last(predicate)y examine the claim that logical profitableness and social constructionism are similar in some important respectsLogical incontrovertibility descriptionLogical positivism holds that philosophical system should point to the akin sort of HYPERLINK http /encyclopedia .laborlawtalk .com /Rigor lividity as science and that it should provide strict criteria for judging sentences decline , false and centreless (Dictionary .Labourtalk .com 2005Logical positivism made use of exemplary logic , endorsed the verifiability principle as a criterion of meaning and massive importance to the analysis of language of meaning . Philosophers in this period (1920 - 1936 ) included Schlick , Reichenbach and Carnap . Logical positivism was born from positivism , and preceded logical empiricism post positivism and post modernismSocial constructionism definitionSocial constructionism is defined as the view that the phenomena of the social and cultural world and their meanings are created in human social interaction . Taken come on , social constructionism can be applied to social look itself . The approach often , though non exclusively , draws on escapist philosophical orientations (Seale , C 2004 ) The idealist seeks a lull , comforting , kindred universe (Stove , 1991SimilaritiesThe received view i s that logical positivism and social constru! ctionism are anti-thetical . However , because they are homogeneous in some important regards , this received view is not an ideal one - the following three similarities can be incite between the two disciplines Firstly , logical positivism exponents Schlick and Carnap disconnectedness what is known and experienced from scientific knowledge . The consequence of extra-mental ingenuousness is in their eyes not possible .
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withal , social constructionism draws a distinction between what is known and what is experiencedSecondly , logical positivism lengthens the doctrine of conventionalism from the commonly acc epted principles of geometry to logic , math and some theoretical propositions . Social constructionism , albeit unwittingly , does the same to all propositions of scienceThirdly , Wittgenstein s `meaning as use thesis is drawn upon in both disciplines - in logical positivism , it is utilize with Schlick s later defense of the verifiability principle and operationism , and in social constructionism it is invoked to confirm claims that all meanings of scientific preconditions are derived from the context of its usageIf they are similar , what are the consequences of this for psychology s future as a scientific disciplineThe Concise Oxford Dictionary (Fowler and Fowler , 1976 ) gives us the following definition of the term psychology : It is the science of the nature , functions and phenomena of the human thought or mind and the treatise on , or the system of this . Because it is based on a science psychology is therefore a scientific discipline . By nature , a scientific d iscipline develops in stages and is influenced by the! beliefs and thoughts of it s exponents at any given...If you neediness to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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